Road traffic accidents are the consequence of a malfunction of the environment-vehicle-user system. In other words, the accident occurs when either the user, the vehicle, the road or its environment has a disruptive element that cannot be caught up, or the three parts of this system have not worked together in a compatible way. More than 90% of accidents are generated by a user-related dysfunction, whether it is a human failure related to the complexity of the task, or a deliberate refusal to comply with the rules.
Knowledge of the main risks likely to generate accidents, or aggravate their consequences, makes it possible to design education and prevention programmes adapted to the target populations, and to put in place incentive solutions to generate good behaviour, or dissuasive for bad behaviour. Here you will find information on the main behavioural factors and their implications for road safety.