To study accidentality on French roads, understanding road user mobility is essential.
Marked and influenced by major trends, whether financial, environmental or structural, the mobility of French people has evolved over the years. Depending on the geographical area where the road user lives, transport mode is likely to vary. Thus, in rural areas, cars (passenger vehicles) remain the preferred means of transport. Conversely, users in urban areas tend to favour public transport, motorised or non-motorised two-wheelers, as well as walking. Age is also a major factor in the study of the mobility of French people. Children and young teenagers (mainly 11-14 years old) as well as seniors represent the major part of pedestrians. Cars retain a predominant place in the mobility of 29-64 year olds, in general terms. Cycling has increased in recent years, particularly among 11-14 year-olds. Powered two-wheelers use in urban areas has significantly increased, particularly in Ile-de-France, where traffic conditions have become very difficult for car users. Coaches, buses, trains and trams must also be taken into account in mobility and accidentology. ONISR also includes these parameters in its annual review. As fully fledged modes of transport, they are also exposed to the risk of collisions with other road users. Level crossings, urban tram corridors, dedicated bus lanes, etc... are among the areas where users must share the road.