Accidents involving HGVs are particularly serious : they are fatal in 13 % of cases, compared to 5% for accidents without HGVs. 9 out of 10 people killed in accidents involving HGVs are not HGV users, 31% are vulnerable users (pedestrians, cyclists, motorized two-wheeled users). 2 out of 3 HGV users are killed in an accident without a third party.
67 % of people killed in accidents involving a commercial vehicle are out of it. Of these 202 people killed,62% are vulnerable users (pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists).
Light goods vehicles (LGVs) are vehicles intended for the transport of goods with a gross vehicle weight (GVW) between 1.5 tons and 3.5 tons. The fleet and commercial vehicle routes are increasing: between 2012 and 2019, the fleet increased by +11% and the number of kilometres travelled by +9%, while over the same period the fleet of heavy goods vehicles increased only by +1%. In 2019, 7% of the vehicles involved in a personal accident are LCVs, while these vehicles make 14% of the trips in France. 60% of the LCV drivers involved in fatal accidents are presumed responsible. This share is 37 % for HGV drivers and 68 % for motorists. 56 % of LCV drivers are presumed responsible in personal accidents with pedestrians.