The combined growth of motorization and especially multi-motorization is driving a strong growth in the household fleet (+1.5%), faster than the growth in the household population (+0.9%). The household fleet continues to grow, reaching 36.09 million vehicles on 1 January 2020.
The poor condition of the vehicle is a risk factor in the accident. In 2020, there were 1,305 personal accidents in which a vehicle had a visible technical failure (tyres, lighting, mechanical failure, etc.). In these accidents, 121 people were killed and 1,732 injured.
Active safety includes all the elements necessary to avoid an accident. It has developed particularly well over the past fifteen years thanks to new technologies allowing the deployment of driving aids. These are based on the presence of increasingly powerful on-board sensors: cameras, radars, lidars.
Equipment designed to protect occupants in the event of an accident, known as passive safety, is constantly improving. The ability of vehicles to protect their passengers is measured in crash tests: the vehicle structure must allow the energies released during the impact to be dispersed while preserving the passenger compartment and limiting intrusion.
Since 92 % of accidents are caused by human error, new technologies offer significant scope for progress in road safety.