The safety equipment discussed here concerns exclusively personal protective equipment, those whose use depends on the "good" will of the user.
In terms of risk, and road risk is no exception to the rule, it is always preferable to eliminate the risk, or to reduce it by solutions that do not depend on individual initiative. Eliminating the risk on the road means, in the extreme, not moving or using the rail network. The active safety elements of vehicles make it possible to avoid accidents such as the ESP, which corrects the trajectory, the lane departure warning system, the ABS, which assists braking...
But accidents, or very sudden braking, cannot always be avoided, and as a last resort certain safety equipment is essential to complete the system :
- seatbelt wearing for motorists and users of heavy vehicles or public transport - 24 % of killed did not wear their seatbelt in 2020;
- wearing a helmet and other body protection for users of two or three wheels, motorized or not. While the use of helmets on mopeds or motorcycles has now become standard practice in mailand France, integral helmet should be preferred to reduce the number of people with a "broken face". Overseas, the helmet is poorly worn or poorly attached. In France, the rate of bicycle helmet use has increased since the obligation for children was introduced. However, half of cyclists killed or injured on the road wore a helmet en 2019.