In this chapter, discover the accidentality in the inhabited French overseas territories (excluding the French Southern and Antarctic Territories and Clipperton Island).
This includes :
counties and overseas areas (DOM et DROM) : Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyane, La Réunion and Mayotte ;
overseas communities (COM) : Saint-Barthélemy, Saint-Martin, Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, la Polynésie française and the Wallis and Futuna Islands ;
Road safety in overseas areas differs from mailand France, because the context is different: mobility is mainly by car or motorized two-wheelers, the population of young people under 25 years of age has a larger share in the total population, the terrain is more mountainous, the road network is more frequented, the climate has periods of severe bad weather, the day/night balance is regular throughout the year, daylight days are the same throughout the year from 6am to 6pm, very mild temperatures impact users' behaviour when wearing belts, helmets or gloves.
The COM (excluding Saint Pierre and Miquelon) and New Caledonia have sole jurisdiction over road traffic and road transport, the State is retaining jurisdiction over civil liberties, criminal law and criminal procedure.
One third of the overseas population is under 20 years of age, compared to only one quarter in mainland France. Half of the overseas areas population is under 35 years of age, while in mainland France, the median age is close to 40 years.
As in mainland France, young people aged 18 to 24 are over-represented in road deaths overseas. The mortality rate observed overseas for under-17s and 25-44s is twice as high as in mailand France.
Overseas, vulnerable users, namely pedestrians, cyclists and motorcyclists, are over-represented in road deaths compared to mailand France.
Almost half of the people killed in accidents are killed in accidents in which at least one of the drivers involved had an alcohol level above the legal limit.