In this chapter, discover the accidentality in the inhabited French overseas territories (excluding the French Southern and Antarctic Territories and Clipperton Island).
This includes :
counties and overseas areas (DOM et DROM) : Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyane, La Réunion and Mayotte ;
overseas communities (COM) : Saint-Barthélemy, Saint-Martin, Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, la Polynésie française and the Wallis and Futuna Islands ;
Road safety in overseas areas differs from mailand France, because the context is different: mobility is mainly by car or motorized two-wheelers, the population of young people under 25 years of age has a larger share in the total population, the terrain is more mountainous, the road network is more frequented, the climate has periods of severe bad weather, the day/night balance is regular throughout the year, daylight days are the same throughout the year from 6am to 6pm, very mild temperatures impact users' behaviour when wearing belts, helmets or gloves.
The COM (excluding Saint Pierre and Miquelon) and New Caledonia have sole jurisdiction over road traffic and road transport, the State is retaining jurisdiction over civil liberties, criminal law and criminal procedure.
One third of the population of the overseas departments and territories is under 20 years of age, compared to only one quarter in metropolitan France. Half of the population of the overseas departments and territories is under 35 years of age, whereas in metropolitan France, the median age is close to 41 years.
As in mainland France, young people aged 18 to 24 are overrepresented in road deaths in the overseas territories. The death rate observed overseas for people under 18 years of age (27 people killed per million inhabitants) is twice that of metropolitan France (12).
Overseas, vulnerable road users, i.e. pedestrians, cyclists and motorized two-wheelers are over-represented in road deaths compared to those in metropolitan France.
74 % of people killed in accidents were killed when a driver or pedestrian involved was over the legal limit of alcohol or under the influence of drugs.