Overseas areas

In this chapter, discover the accidentality in the inhabited French overseas territories (excluding the French Southern and Antarctic Territories and Clipperton Island).
This includes :
- counties and overseas areas (DOM et DROM) : Guadeloupe, Martinique, Guyane, La Réunion and Mayotte ;
- overseas communities (COM) : Saint-Barthélemy, Saint-Martin, Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, la Polynésie française and the Wallis and Futuna Islands ;
- New Caledonia.
Road safety in overseas areas differs from mailand France, because the context is different: mobility is mainly by car or motorized two-wheelers, the population of young people under 25 years of age has a larger share in the total population, the terrain is more mountainous, the road network is more frequented, the climate has periods of severe bad weather, the day/night balance is regular throughout the year, daylight days are the same throughout the year from 6am to 6pm, very mild temperatures impact users' behaviour when wearing belts, helmets or gloves.

The COM (excluding Saint Pierre and Miquelon) and New Caledonia have sole jurisdiction over road traffic and road transport, the State is retaining jurisdiction over civil liberties, criminal law and criminal procedure.

38% of the population in the Overseas Departments and Territories is under 25 years of age, compared to 29% in metropolitan France. Half of the population in the Overseas Departments and Territories is under 35 years of age, whereas in mainland France, the median age is close to 41 years.
As in mainland France, young people aged 18 to 24 are overrepresented in road deaths in the overseas Departments and Territories.

More particularly in OverseasDepartments and Territories, there is an overrepresentation of 25-34 year olds, whose mortality rate per million inhabitants is three times higher than that observed in metropolitan France.

In Overseas France, vulnerable users, namely pedestrians, cyclists and motorized two-wheeler users represent 57% of road deaths over the period 2019-2021. This proportion is higher than in metropolitan France where it is 45% over the same period.

During the 2019-2021 period, 69% of people killed in crashes were killed in a crash while a driver or pedestrian involved in the crash was under the influence of alcohol or drugs.