A traffic offence is defined as an action against the traffic regulations. Traffic offences can be of different kinds (parking offences, speeding, driving under the influence of drugs, driving without a permit, hit-and-run offences, etc.). There are two types of traffic offences: contraventions and offences that are punished differently depending on their degree of seriousness.
Almost 24 million traffic violations were recorded in 2020.
Since 2018, several million parking violations (those related to non-payment) have become "post-parking packages" and are no longer counted as violations.
Contraventions (excluding municipal police)
17.6 million tickets were issued in 2020. They represent 97% of the offences established in 2020. 76% are speeding violations:
- Speed infringements detected by the automated control system (CA) represent 94% of the total with 12.5 million infringements. The speeding violations recorded by the CA are 94.7% of those under 20 km/h.
- Excluding CA, excesses of less than 20 km/h represent only 12%, while 41% of excesses are between 20 and 30 km/h, 19% between 30 and 40 km/h and 7% above 40 km/h.
The other contraventions are distributed as follows:
- 1.07 million dangerous parking violations represent 6% of all tickets;
- 1.04 million infringements of administrative rules (6%): they consist of non-criminal insurance offences, failure to present vehicle documents, vehicle traffic without a periodic technical inspection, non-compliant plates and registration certificates;
- 926,048 breaches of conduct rules (including mobile phone use);
- 650,466 priority rule violations including 353,716 red light violations recorded by the CA - figure including traffic and level crossing violations, 123,841 red light violations outside CA, and 117,235 non-compliance with the "stop" sign;
- 41,902 contraventional alcoholemias (rate of less than 0.8 g/l of blood);
- 260,438 offences for defects in user equipment or vehicle condition, including 129,668 offences for failure to wear a seat belt, 36,687 for failure to wear a helmet and 55,314 for failure to wear gloves.
540,731 offences were recorded in 2020, down -17% compared to 2017. They represent 3% of all offences in 2020.
Five types of offences account for 90% of all offences:
- 141,530 hit and run accidents after an accident, down -24%;
- 96,431 BAC offences at the flying, down -16% compared to 2019;
- 105,576 driver's licence defaults, down -14%;
- 61,798 insurance defaults (-33%);
- 79,247 drug-related crimes, up +1% in 2020.
Alcohol checks :
7 million BAC tests were performed in 2020, a decrease by -22.5% compared to 2019. 223,271 tests were positive, representing 3% of screenings.
- 6.8 million checks (98% of the total) are preventive (at the initiative of the police) or during offences. They were positive in 3% of cases;
- 57,795 checks were carried out in the event of personal accidents (including fatal accidents). 4,016 users tested (7%) have a blood alcohol level above the legal limit, increasing since 2016;
- 107,244 screenings were carried out during material accidents. They are positive in 10% of cases. This rate, higher than that observed in personal accidents, is explained by the selection made for these non-systematic tests during material accidents.
Illegal drugs checks :
- 453,751 drug screenings were carried out in 2020. This number is up +4% compared to 2019, in line with the high level of investment by law enforcement agencies in this area. 81,569 tests were positive (-7% after 4 consecutive years of increase);
- 398,753 screenings were carried out as a preventive measure or during offences, with a positive rate of 20%;
- 25,017 tests were carried out in the event of physical accidents (including fatal ones) with a positive rate of 5% (1,207 drivers tested involved in physical accidents were positive for narcotics), equivalent to the 2019 rate.