Demerit point system

The number of points withdrawn in 2020 was 11,440,727 (-9.9% compared to 2019) and was accompanied by a -8.6% decrease in the number of offences processed that resulted in points being withdrawn.


  • 53.7% of points are withdrawn for 1 point violations. These withdrawals decreased by -7.9% compared to 2019, this trend being linked to the decrease in the number of points lost for speeding under 20 km/h in urban areas (-10.9%) and outside urban areas (-7.1%).
  • 7.6% of the points withdrawn concern 2-point offences (e.g. speeding between 20 and 30 km/h). Withdrawals of 2 points decreased by -6.3%.
  • 17.2% of the points withdrawn are for 3-point violations (non-use of seat belts, speeding between 30 and 40 km/h, telephone, crossing a continuous line). These withdrawals decreased by -9.9%.
  • 14.5% of the points withdrawn concern 4-point violations (failure to stop or stop at a red light, traffic in the prohibited direction, speeding from 40 to 50 km/h). Their number decreased by -13.9%.
  • 7.1% of the points withdrawn concern offences for which 6 points were withdrawn (speeding over 50 km/h, blood alcohol level, etc.). Their number fell by -19.1%.


8 out of 10 drivers still have 12 points on their licence, but only 53.3% of presumed fatal crashes still have these 12 points on their licence.

Driving licences invalidated as a result of no points left

In 2020, 46,390 permits were invalidated for lack of points, down by -25.6% compared to 2019. The number of invalidated permits for women is down by -28.3% this year and by -25.1% for men. However, they represent 85.7% of the holders of invalidated licences in 2020. Licences invalidated for a single offence concern 3,134 persons. That is, 1,507 persons for the offence of driving under the influence of alcohol or drink (6 points), 469 persons for the sole reason of driving despite the use of narcotics (6 points), 615 persons for the sole reason of not respecting the stop sign or a red light (4 points), 71 persons for the sole reason of speeding at least 50 km/h (6 points), only 84 persons had their driving licence invalidated for the sole reason of speeding under 20 km/h (1 point), against 121 in 2019.

Point restitution

4.0 million drivers saw their initial capital restored by 12 points after 2 or 3 years without a new offence, up +10.9%. 4.7 million drivers recovered a point after 6 months without a new offence, down by -18.4%. In 2019, 25,101 internships were organized, benefiting 388,711 interns, i.e. 15,146 internships in point capital reconstitution (so-called "point permit" internships), 604 alternative internships to legal proceedings or in criminal composition (so-called "justice"), 9,352 mixed internships involving "demerit point" and "justice Courts".


Number of driving licenses delivered

 In 2020 (provisional data), 651,391 B permits were issued as well as 5,873 A1 and 100,653 A2 permits.

Time-lag between police control and sanction

Data on offences recorded by law enforcement agencies are recorded within one month of the offence. Points are effectively withdrawn several months later for contraventions, upon payment of the contravention or when all administrative remedies are exhausted, for offences, when the judgment is rendered.